The Manzanar Committee announced on March 26 that Dr. Arthur A. Hansen, renowned scholar and co-founder of the Japanese American Oral History Program, and educator and former Manzanar incarceree Mas Okui have been chosen as the 2014 recipients of the Sue Kunitomi Embrey Legacy Award.

Dr. Arthur A. Hansen at the Japanese American National Museum’s 2013 National Conference in Seattle in July 2013. Photo courtesy Arthur A. Hansen
Dr. Arthur A. Hansen at the Japanese American National Museum’s 2013 National Conference in Seattle in July 2013. (Photo courtesy Arthur A. Hansen)

The award, named after the late chair of the Manzanar Committee who was also one of the founders of the annual Manzanar Pilgrimage and was the driving force behind the creation of the Manzanar National Historic Site, will be presented at the 45th annual Manzanar Pilgrimage, scheduled for Saturday, April 26, at 12 p.m. at the Manzanar National Historic Site, located on U.S. Highway 395 in California’s Owens Valley, between the towns of Lone Pine and Independence.

Hansen, 75, a native of Hoboken, N.J., began his work at CSU Fullerton’s Department of History in 1966 and later immersed himself in the field of ethnic studies.

“In the early 1970s, I was provoked by the upsurge of protest and dissent on the campus and in the outside world, along with the rise of ethnic consciousness and ethnic studies, to redirect my attention to Asian American studies and, in particular, the social disaster inflicted by the U.S. government upon Americans of Japanese ancestry during the Second World War,” Hansen wrote.

“However, convinced that the standard historical version of what Japanese Americans had experienced during America’s so-called ‘good war’ was severely compromised by a criminal neglect of the voiced perspective of the victimized population, in 1972, I launched, in concert with one of my graduate students, Betsy Mitson, the Japanese American Oral History Project within Cal State Fullerton’s Oral History Program.”

A pioneering effort over four decades, the Japanese American Oral History Project recorded and transcribed hundreds of interviews and, periodically, illuminated their contents and perspectives in published anthologies and unpublished theses.

Along with Mitson, Hansen also coordinated the first lecture series on the World War II incarceration of Japanese Americans, which included a presentation by Embrey. Hansen and Mitson also authored the pioneering oral history book “Voices Long Silent: An Oral History Inquiry into the Japanese American Evacuation.”

Hansen edited the six-volume anthology “Japanese American World War II Evacuation Oral History Project,” which received a Special Recognition Award from the Japanese American Historical Society of Southern California in 1997.

Hansen, along with Embrey and Mitson, co-edited a book about the principal figure in the Manzanar Riot, “Manzanar Martyr: An Interview with Harry Y. Ueno.” He is now editing “Nisei Naysayer: The Memoir of Militant Japanese American Journalist Jimmie Omura” and “Barbed Voices: Oral History, Resistance, and the World War II Japanese American Social Disaster.”

“My work has embraced the full extent of Japanese American history, society, and culture, [but] the lion’s share has riveted upon the protest, dissent, and resistance of Japanese American individuals and groups in relation to the history and legacy of the World War II Japanese American experience,” Hansen noted. “This is rooted in my impassioned belief that, contrary to popular belief, Japanese Americans possess a robust tradition of active opposition to unbridled, unjust, and unprincipled authority.”

Manzanar Committee Co-chair Bruce Embrey praised Hansen’s contributions and achievements.

“One of the Japanese Americans community’s most ardent and consistent allies, Art Hansen is one of our country’s leading scholars on the forced removal and incarceration of the Japanese American community,” said Embrey. “Working to capture and record the history through oral histories of all who suffered, including residents of the Owens Valley, Art is known for his thorough and democratic approach.”

“Art is no mere academic. As a scholar, his focus is to get to the underlying truth. But his thorough research is imbued with fierce and tireless advocacy for social justice. He was a colleague, friend and confidant of my mother, Sue Kunitomi Embrey, and it is both fitting and long overdue that he is recognized for his role in our long struggle for justice.”

Mas Okui (center) at the 43rd annual Manzanar Pilgrimage on April 28, 2012. Photo by Mark Kirchner/Manzanar Committee
Mas Okui (center) at the 43rd annual Manzanar Pilgrimage on April 28, 2012. (Photo by Mark Kirchner/Manzanar Committee)

As a ten-year-old boy, Okui spent more than three years behind the barbed wire at Manzanar. That experience shaped his life’s purpose and dedication to keep the story alive.

Active in Asian American issues since the 1960s, Okui initiated an Asian American studies course at Gardena High School. He was also involved with the Yellow Brotherhood, and worked with the City of Gardena’s teenage drug avoidance program.

Since the 1970s, Okui has conducted tours of Manzanar, and for more than 30 years, led the United Teachers Los Angeles seminar on its annual trip to the Manzanar Pilgrimage, the purpose being to teach teachers on how to educate their students about the Japanese American incarceration.

Dozens of other groups, including the Japanese Consulate, the Japanese American Citizens League, the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, CNN, CBS, public and private schools, and civic organizations were among those that visited Manzanar with Okui.

At the Eastern California Museum in Independence, Okui has led school groups and worked with the Shiro Nomura Manzanar exhibit. During the 1990s, he served as a docent at the Japanese American National Museum in Los Angeles, talking to scores of groups about the Japanese American experience, and as part of their outreach program, he has spoken to groups throughout the nation.

For ten years, Okui served on the Manzanar National Historic Site Advisory Commission. What is on display in the exhibit at the Visitors Center there is, in part, the product of their efforts. Additionally, Okui served on the board of the Friends of Manzanar, playing a key role in raising funds to rebuild Block 14 (demonstration block).

Today, Okui, 82, continues to visit schools, telling his story of life behind Manzanar’s barbed wire.

“Mas Okui has been a tireless advocate and educator, telling the story of Manzanar and the forced removal of the Japanese American community to literally thousands of people, including many Los Angeles Unified School District teachers,” said Bruce Embrey. “With humor, wit and poise, Mas is one of the most ardent advocates for keeping our story alive.

“Mas served on the Manzanar National Historic Site Advisory Commission along with my mother, Sue Kunitomi Embrey, helping to create and shape the Manzanar National Historic Site. He is one of our community’s unsung heroes. This recognition is long overdue.”

For more information on the Manzanar Pilgrimage and the popular Manzanar At Dusk program scheduled for 5 p.m. that same evening, including bus transportation to the afternoon pilgrimage program, check out the Manzanar Committee’s official blog at or call (323) 662-5102.

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