Rafu Japanese Staff Writer

A view of buildings in Arts District (left) and Nishi Hongwanji Buddhist Temple, located east of Alameda Street, outside of the proposed boundaries of the Little Tokyo Community Design Overlay (CDO) District. (NAOAKI KOBAYASHI/Rafu Shimpo)

The Los Angeles Department of City Planning held a public hearing last month on the Little Tokyo Community Design Overlay (CDO) District, which creates development guidelines and standards that reflect the community’s vision for the area.

The original guidelines were first formulated by the now-defunct Community Redevelopment Agency of Los Angeles about ten years ago when many developments were being proposed for the Little Tokyo area.

After CRA/LA initiated a plan to protect Little Tokyo’s unique cultural character with the help of the community, City Planning has incorporated this sentiment into a new plan, which has been under development since 2008.

Approximately 40 stakeholders and community members from the Little Tokyo area, Arts District,  Central Industrial District, and Skid Row neighborhood gathered at the hearing held at the Japanese American Cultural and Community Center.

Most of them applauded the plan that will protect the Little Tokyo’s culture and history while also improving the neighborhood by implementing wider sidewalks and making the neighborhood pedestrian-friendly. However, adopting the CDO zone map that City Planning proposed was a different story.

According to the proposed map, the Little Tokyo CDO area is bounded by Temple Street to the north, Alameda Street to the east, Third Street to the south, and Los Angeles Street to the west.

Rev. Daigaku Rumme, head priest at Zenshuji Temple, located on Hewitt Street — outside of the proposed zone map — said at the hearing, “Zenshuji was founded 90 years ago in 1922. The board of directors and members strongly feel and think that our temple along with Maryknoll and Nishi Hongwanji should be included in the map of Little Tokyo.”

He agreed with the city’s attempt to do the CDO, but added, “Religious institutions are the soul of the culture and important for the Japanese community and culture. We provide space for all sorts of Japanese cultural activities.” Rev. Rumme also pointed out that the temple is included in the Little Tokyo Business Improvement District map.

Eric Kurimura of Nishi Hon-gwanji Los Angeles also asked City Planning to revise the map. “Because these religious institutions have held services in downtown for over 100 years, the community has been able to maintain a cultural presence here,” he said.

George Takahashi of St. Francis Xavier Chapel Japanese Catholic Center, formerly known as Maryknoll, urges revisions to the proposed CDO zoning map during a public hearing last month at the JACCC. (Ryoko Nakamura/Rafu Shimpo)

George Takahashi of St. Francis Xavier Chapel Japanese Catholic Center, formerly known as Maryknoll, understands that this is not a formal Little Tokyo area boundary line, but says, “It is important for us to be a part of the so-called historical Little Tokyo area.”

Mike Okamoto, chair of the Little Tokyo Community Council, expressed his support for the plan itself, but asked City Planning to revisit some of the historical linkages so that zoning would include institutions that have been vital to the community’s heritage.

On the other hand, residents from the Arts District asked that the proposed map remain as is.

Joseph Pitrozzelli, president of Los Angeles River Artist Business Association, said, “Our organization accepted the map. I understand it’s not an official map of what Little Tokyo is. With all due respect to the great institutions that have been there, we would like to make sure the line stays drawn where it is on Alameda since this is going to set design standards for new developments.”

Jonathan Jerald, a nonprofit art gallery operator in the Arts District, acknowledged the religious institutions are part of what Little Tokyo is all about, and he respects what they do. However, he also asked for the line to remain drawn at Alameda. “Our primary concern is that CDO, which restricts and requires certain design elements on particular site, could affect future development in our community,” he said.

Representatives from the Central Industrial District and the Skid Row neighborhood are asking the south side of Third Street, where the majority of buildings are retail and industrial, to be removed from the CDO zone map since the guidelines inappropriately characterize that particular area.

Estela Lopez, executive director of the Central City East Association, which represents the Arts District BID and the downtown industrial BID, pointed out that after an initial outreach in 2010 and 2011, the Arts and Industrial District BID were excluded from the process. “We conveyed our opposition and we heard nothing back,” she said.

Lopez emphasized, “We embrace our traditions in the Arts District too. Blank walls are canvases for art. Mechanical equipment and roll-down doors are not necessarily undesirable.” She also said that these guidelines inappropriately characterize the retail stores on the south side of Third Street.

She remarked that informal conversation had begun between the Little Tokyo community and Central City East Association over the zoning map and urged City Planning not to finalize the plan until it is informed of the results of this conversation.

City Planning is accepting public input until March 25. Comments can be sent to: Department of City Planning, Attn: Bryan Eck, 200 N. Spring St., Room 667, Los Angeles, CA 90012. You can also email

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  1. No one invited Estela Lopez because no one cares what she thinks. She represents no but herself and the handful of disengaged board members